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As a weaver ants Natural Pesticides Effective and Inexpensive

Some ants indeed considered as pests in plants. However, weaver ants of the genus Oecophylla is precisely the natural pest controllers that improve agricultural yields for farmers.

According to a study published in the Journal of Applied Ecology this week, this ant species is the best example ever documented as a natural pest control in open farmland. They compete with the efficiency of chemical pesticides, and the price is cheaper.

The idea to use weaver ants as biocontrol is actually not new. Around 1,700 years ago, farmers in China to buy the ants to be released in a citrus orchard.

In short, in 2008, when studies found that weaver ants can eat and clean up pests effectively and inexpensively, net income increased by 71%. Then, thousands of farmers in Vietnam began to switch to using weaver ants as a natural pesticide for crops cashews them.

According to recent studies, weaver ants can reduce the amount of damage caused by pests and increase yields so different. Several other studies have found that the ants are more effective than artificial pesticides.

Moreover, weaver ants are not the only one that can be used as an organic pesticide. There are nearly 13,000 species of ants that can also be used as natural pest controllers. There are also several species of ants that show potential for arthropada control pests, weeds and plant diseases.

Source: National Geographic Indonesia


The Secret of Cockroach Can Live Without Head

You may already be familiar with an animal called a cockroach.

Cockroaches are known as the animals were very filthy and dirty when seen from its usual diitemukan. A lot of people are disgusted and scared if it met even had physical contact with the animals on this one.

There are about 4,500 species of cockroaches are known worldwide, but only 30 species that interact with humans and are considered as pests.

No head = dead?

The statement did not seem to apply to the cockroach, which can live for nine days or even weeks with food left on her body and breathing through the body.

Cockroach famous for survival that makes remain stable for millions of years. They can survive despite nuclear explosions and radiation. It could even survive for days even without heads.

Cockroaches can live even without a head, how could?

Reporting from New Scientist, physiologist and biochemist University of Massachusetts Amherst, Joseph Kunkel explains how cockroaches can survive without the head while the man is not. Decapitation in humans results in blood loss and blood pressure that cause disturbance to the circulation of oxygen and nutrients to the body’s vital tissues.

In addition, humans breathe through the nose and mouth, which the brain controls the respiratory system, the breathing will stop. Plus, people can not eat without a head.

While cockroach does not have blood pressure like humans. Cockroaches do not have a network of blood vessels to pass blood. Cockroaches have an open circulatory system in which the distribution of blood throughout the body does not always pass through the blood vessels. Blood may directly lead to body tissue without vessels.

Although without a head, cockroaches can still breathe through spiracles, tiny ventilation holes in the parts of his body. Cockroach respiratory system not controlled by the brain and oxygen was transported by the blood. Spiracles hole was headed straight to the body tissues through a series of tubes called trachea.

Well, that’s the reason why cockroaches stay alive even without a head!


Termite, The Small and Smart Animal

Termites like what do you know? Like termites that damage the wood and books? That’s right! But, it’s only a small fraction of termites.

Termites consists of two thousands of kinds. Of the many, only about 100 species of termites are destructive. The rest, termites are very useful for humans.

Termites including decomposing animals. They recycle the remains of living beings, such as leaf-fall cycle outlined back into mineral substances and also useful to enrich the soil.

Termites also has an antenna which is useful as a detector such as light and smell.

Termites live in groups according to their caste. No worker caste, caste army, and caste queen.

Guarding the soldier caste of enemy attack or other hazards. If the queen caste, who are just reproduce it and produce eggs to be bred into new termites.

Of the workers are the lowest caste. His job work, looking for food, and clean the house queen, feeding soldiers, queen and king. Caste workers have very agile body movements.

Could a blind worker capable of building a magnificent and large? Thus achievement is not possible for human beings.

However, termites are blind all his life able to build large nests were magnificent and when termites are completely blind. Even termites can not see the tunnels made, nor materials and land uses, as well as the holes were built.

Although his body is very small and blind, but termites are able to build giant nests towering up to 7 meters (23 feet) in height.

Well it turns out a lot of interesting information about termites, is not it?


Confront Global Warming, Note Five Epidemic It

It turned out that another threat of global warming is not only related to the melting of icebergs, sea level rise, and extreme weather changes. A number of old and new disease outbreaks became one of the problems that now also require attention.

Thawing thawing of frozen below the freezing temperature of 0 degrees Celsius could have unleashed “zombie pathogen” that has been frozen for centuries. This is some threat of disease outbreaks as a result of global warming.

1. Anthrax

The end of July 2016, anthrax attack deer in Siberia, killing at least 2,000 birds. The cause is the frozen carcass of a deer that died 75 years ago melt because of warm summer temperatures.

Unknown deer carcasses were infected by anthrax. Researchers have warned that grave anthrax-infected cattle and deer in Siberia will trigger an outbreak of the disease, if the soil in Siberia is melting.

2. Movement Zika virus

Zika virus is dangerous when attacking a pregnant woman. The main carrier of Zika virus is the Aedes aegypti mosquito, also carry dengue fever and chikungunya fever.

Global warming allows the spread of the disease become more prevalent. According to a report in 2014 in the journal Geospatial Health show that the tropical regions teralu not open to the spread of this virus, but regions such as Australia, Iran, the Arab areas, and some areas in North America vulnerable to the spread of Zika.

Mosquito development caused because people started menampul rain water near their home page, and become a breeding ground for these mosquitoes.

3. Zombie

Anthrax is not the only pathogen that can potentially spread through the melting of Thawing. In 2015, a virus was found in Siberia after Thawing frozen for 30,000 years.

The virus is not harmful to humans because they attack the amoeba. But the discovery of the virus prompted fears of diseases such as smallpox.

Mines in the area of ​​human activity that is frozen Siberia able to disrupt the microbe has been active for thousands of years.

4. Fleas

Such as mosquitoes, ticks also find a new habitat as a result of climate change. And of course, they also carry the disease in conjunction with their movements.

One is babesiosis, tick-borne illness caused by a virus and Babesia microti. This disease is found in the Northeast and a number of areas in the United States.

Infection occurs when the summer, a time when humans and ticks most active. Summer is an opportunity for many people to be infected with the disease.

5. Cholera

The deadly disease cholera spread through contaminated water. According to the study, global warming will increase the spread of the disease.

Increased heat and floods due to climate change is increasing the spread of cholera in areas with poor sanitation. Flooding is also capable of carrying contaminated water from spreading.


Source: National Geographic


Spring and Summer Impact Population Against Pests

Bug Barometer developed by entomologists US check weather reports and analyze the pattern of rainfall to determine the effect on the index pest pressure.

“The weather pattern is not consistent can change anytime even where these pests become active. The barometer will help people be better prepared and able to keep their homes” said Cindy Mannes, vice president of public affairs for NPMA.

Knowing what to expect for this season is very important because some spring pests, such as ticks and mosquitoes can have a direct impact on health, especially with the threat of Lyme disease and Zika virus becomes heightened concern in recent months. And other pests, including ants and termites can cause damage to the house.

According to the Barometer Bug, this pest forecasts for each region outside the US:

US northeast: the dry season (December) at the end of the month with warmer weather and less snow than usual, these conditions provide an opportunity for pest activity ants and ladybugs to come and the rainy season will bring more of the mosquito population.

AS part of southeast monsoon and winters warmer than usual will support mosquito populations. Termites and ants will emerge during the spring and summer.

US Midwest: wet weather can increase the activity of ants and fleas, the mosquito population increases.

Western US power: winter and spring can delay the termite populations, increasing the population of mosquitoes and ants are more dominant in the area. Dry summers increase the flea population.

US Northwest: high rainfall and snowfall during the winter mosquito population is higher and increase the activity of ants.



Submission Book Contribution to Wadah Foundation

Monday, June 27, 2016, ETOS donated books and magazines from customers ETOS to Wadah Titian Harapan Foundation

The donation of books and magazines donated by customers ETOS through the Joint Education Month ETOS program that has been running in May.

Hundreds of books and magazines is submitted directly by Mr. Rizki Maheng as Manager QA ETOS to Mrs. Retnaning Tyas, Chairman of Wadah Titian Harapan Foundation.

Donations of books and magazines will then be forwarded to the community and the home read assisted the Foundation.

“Thanks to ETOS for this contributions. Hopefully, books and magazines to the community and the home we read that most readers are children” Mrs. Retnaning Tyas as Chairman of Wadah Titian Harapan Foundation expressed her expectation.

Our thanks to the ETOS customers who already participated in this donation.

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ETOS Birthday 24th.

Wednesday, June 22, 2016 became a special day for PT. ETOS INDONUSA.

On the very day ETOS celebrates 24th anniversary.

Birthday celebration which falls on the holy month of Ramadan can be accomplished through fasting together Directors together with all employees of the central office ETOS.

On the occasion of breaking the fast together, the ETOS Management gives awards to employees who have worked for 17 years in the ETOS.

“ETOS been growing for 24 years and may continue to be a blessing as well as a workplace that benefits the community” Ibu Endang as Director ETOS expressed his hope while giving a speech.

By the time of breaking the fast, Mr. Ahmad Damamini (General Manager Business Development) provide spiritual cleansing to the hundreds of employees who participate in the activities of the iftar.

The event at the Central Office ETOS concluded with all employees iftar and dinner enjoy a dish that has been prepared by the committee.

Happy birthday ETOS.

Thanks to all customers for their cooperation and support during this time.


Mouse, Clever and Adaptive

There are three (3) types of mouse that always cause problems and harm to humans, the sewer rat (Rattus norvegicus), roof rat (Rattus rattus) and the house mouse (Mus musculus).

Mouses are known as destructive pests and transmit several diseases such as leptospirosis, Pres (plague), salmonellosis and others. It is supported by the structure of the body very effectively and rapidly proliferate. Mouse have the ability to adapt to various types of habitat and weather, as well as cleverly took the opportunity to feed, cut off and selecting the nest.

To curb the growth rate constant mouse teeth (0.4 mm per day), mouses are always tightening the upper and lower incisors in the objects encountered. Mouse tooth pressure reached 7000 psi (per square inch) or 500 kg / cm2 at speeds reaching 6 bites bites per second.

Mouse active at night (nocturnal) and color-blind but can recognize an object from a distance of 15 meters and can see the movement from a distance of 10 meters. Hearing mouse is very sensitive so as to hear the ultrasonic sound between 90-100 KHz (the threshold value sensitivity of human hearing is 20 KHz).

Mouse olfactory organ using the sense of smell to locate food, pathways, territorial and also to find new members or not his group. Mouse can determine the path of the smell of urine and other body secretions smell containing feromone and can detect contaminants in food.

Mouses are always around in its environment to determine the location of food, water, mating, finding materials for nests and nest sites. Mouse are neophilic, are interested in and investigate something new, and are neophobic are very careful with everything new.


Know Pheromones, Communication Equipment Ants

There is no sugar ants. Must have heard the saying, right? This maxim appeared to save interesting facts about ants. How do ants can always know where sugar or other objects that usually swarm of ants?

The answer is because the ant has a sophisticated communication system, called pheromones.

Pheromones are a chemical compound that has a hydrocarbon important role in the communication system of insects including ants. Pheromone derived from the word “fer” which means carrying, and “hormone” that pheromones means “hormone carriers”.

Pheromones are used as cues between animal species and is usually produced in special glands to spread. Another function of pheromones is to mark a trail to food sources and provides alarms that are secreted when the enemy attacked.

Communication techniques with the trail (trail odor) are often used by ants. Ant finding a food source leaves a trail of chemical compounds (pheromones) on the ground through a needle in the ass. Traces were made to help his friends find a food source. Many insects have a pheromone substance, but each has a function that is similar but not identical. Many interesting examples in this regard.

An ant species living in American deserts issued a special odor produced in its venom sac if he found the dead insects that are too large or heavy to carry. Friends sesarangnya far away detect the odor and start moving towards its source. When the number of ants gathering around prey was enough, they bring the insect to nest.

When fire ants split up to search for food, they followed a trail of scent for a long time, then finally split up and search for food respectively. Attitudes change if the fire ants already mene-mukan food. When they find food, fire ants back to the nest at a slower pace and his body close to the ground. He offers sting at specific intervals and the end of the sting hit the ground like a pencil to draw a thin line. Thus the fire ants leave a trail that leads to the food.

Interestingly, the ants were found traces of pheromone of other ants to food sources for finding their way back shorter. Usually the food source inventor ant trail winding and long, but the trail next ants will form a straight line shorter.

How can ants do? Ants make the sun as a compass and a tree branch or other natural landmarks as guides. Ants remember these signs well, even ants go foraging in the morning and returning in the evening will still recognize the signs which it passes though conditions change.


Simple Ways to Prevent Mouse Presence In The Home

The house as a shelter should be a pleasant place to live. But what would happen if it turns out there is a mouse in the house? Certainly the comfort of home is reduced to be a decent place to live.

Here are some simple ways that can be done to prevent the presence of mouses in the house:

1. Clean house especially kitchen area

When you want to get rid of mouses, the house must be completely clean. Clean the house, especially the kitchen so that mouse are not interested in coming to your house. Around the house, especially the kitchen was the most favored mouse because the area into a place of all kinds of food that were targeted mouse. Make sure the house floor clean of leftovers and immediately wash the dirty food equipment after eating and cooking. Leftover food is well packed and put in the safe enclosure of mouse.

2. Manage your garbage properly

Garbage piled up and not well managed is one factor that invites the presence of mouses. Do not leave trash scattered in the area of ​​the house. Make sure trash unfit for use and closed with good and clean regularly. Appointment trash must also be timely so that waste does not accumulate in the house long.

3. Trim goods

Conditions clutter (usually in the barn) indirectly provides a comfortable place for mouse. Trim goods by arranging items in a systematic and orderly. Put scattered items into the container and then stacking neatly. Stacks of goods should not be attached to walls, to minimize the space for a mouse and make it easier to monitor their movements.

4. Recognize the existence of mouses

The existence of holes and slits the sign and presence of a mouse’s nest. Check the area of ​​the house, whether there are holes and gaps that suspicious. Mouse droppings and unpleasant odors can also be a sign of the presence of mouses. In addition, note whether there are footprints and traces of fat mouses (smear)

5. Close the entrance slit mice

Mouses can come from all directions over the house, can be over the top tile / ceiling of the house, the sewer, the pipe and others. Often without realizing there are a lot of mouses entrance slit. This gap could be found on the bottom of the cavity door, the entrance slit wires on the wall, window cutouts, or slit the pipe. Please note that mouse can pass through a 1.2 cm hole armed with a flexible spine. Immediately close the gaps.

Taken from various sources